Walls and Ceiling
We’ve removed asbestos and lead based paint in the original house. So we should have safe and healthy indoor air in the house, right? Not if you don’t pay attention to the material you introduce into the house. Earlier this year we read a book by Bill Bryson titled, At Home: A Short History of Private Life. A curious and well-researched book containing facts about homes in England and US, there were many astonishing examples of the rooms, materials used for homes and how people lived. In Chapter 14 he mentions ways in which how our houses can hurt us. One example is wallpaper. After 1775 a popular shade of green was made by soaking the wallpaper in a compound containing copper arsenite invented by a Swedish chemist, Karl Scheele, and the color was known as Scheele’s green. Use of wallpaper increased after the wallpaper tax was lifted in 1830 in England and by the late 19th century 80% of English wallpapers contained arsenic. Today most of us know that arsenic is toxic. But back then they didn’t and the rich green color containing arsenic was used in candles, clothing and even food coloring.
A more recent example of walls in your home causing harm is the reactive sulfur gasses coming out of certain drywalls manufactured in China. According to CDC report the people who lived in US homes that were built between 2001 and 2008 containing imported drywalls experienced headaches, eye irritation, difficulty breathing and other health problems. The Chinesedrywall website appear to have collection of information related to this issue. By the way, the term drywall, sheetrock and gypsum board appear to be used interchangeably. For a quick overview of the history and manufacture of drywall see this video.
We know that people made decisions based on information available to them at that time. Some of these, like asbestos, has beneficial qualities like fire-resistance and sound absorption that made it attractive to use in various building materials at one time. It’s only later when the side effects of these materials that caused serious illness, such as lung cancer from inhaling asbestos fibers, that made these materials fall out of favor. So, in 2012, we’ve chosen materials based on what we know today to be benign and promote good air quality.
Our house was built in 1922 so the original walls and ceiling were made of lath and plaster. Here are some photos of the original wall taken during deconstruction.
|Plaster above the door chipped away to reveal the lath underneath|
|“Lath” is the narrow wood strips nailed horizontally across wall studs.|
|Plaster oozing through the lath holds it in place|
Below are the “after” pictures of the new walls.
We chose to have fiberglass batts installed in the interior wall cavities between rooms. The purpose for this is not for thermal insulation but for sound attenuation. We noticed that the hardwood floor over a crawlspace seem to carry the sound throughout the house, perhaps similar to how a sound reverberates within a guitar. We were told that another way to dampen the sound is to use different thicknesses in the drywall, for example using 5/8″ and 1/2″ on either side of the wall studs. We didn’t do that. Hopefully the fiberglass batts will dampen the sound of me playing my flute to prevent annoyance to others in the house.
AirRenew drywall from CertainTeed was selected. This drywall product promotes indoor air quality in two ways — 1) Traps volatile organic compounds (VOCs) such as formaldehyde in the air and makes it inert and traps it inside the drywall; 2) Resistent to mold and mildew. You can watch a short video of this here.
Ceiling and walls installed using AirRenew.
Lydia Corser from GreenSpace advised us to be selective of the plaster used to texture the drywall. Her store, located next to Habitat’s ReStore on the west side of Santa Cruz, is a great place to get get paint, flooring, countertops and various interior materials for your home.
We selected M-100 hypo-allergenic powder compound from Murco to be used to texture the wall. This product is formulated with no VOC’s, preservatives, mildewcides or fungicides.
The compound is mixed with water. I was told that this product is a little bit harder to mix than the usual texturing material.
Though harder to mix application is the same effort.
About the Author
Chie is one of the co-creator of Midori Haus. When she is not sharing her stories of transforming an old house and giving tours, she enjoys trail running and hiking.